Act 4, Scene 1 Summary

Characters: Three Witches, Hecate, Macbeth, Three Apparitions, Banquo’s Ghost, Lenox

Location: A dark cave

Time: Thundery night

Events: The witches are making some sort of potion to use, which Hecate is delighted about. Soon, Macbeth enters and demands the witches to answer his questions he needs to know. Soon, three apparition appear to tell that Macduff is coming, but the third says he cannot be beaten. Soon, a show of eight kings is heard by Banquo’s ghost and then Macbeth is stunned by the act, as these kings are Banquo’s children, then children’s children, and is in shock that banquo’s ghost is following. The witches happily dance away with Hecate and soon Lenox follows afterwards with news of Macduff moving to England. Macbeth wants to see the other with him and orders Lenox to find them immediately.

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Act 4, Scene 2 Summary

Characters: Lady Macduff, Son, Rosse, Messenger, Two Murderers

Location: Fife, Macduff’s old castle

Time: Unknown

Events: Lady Macduff and her son is with Rosse and the son is very poetic and polite about trying to live differently. He notices his father is not dead even if Lady Macduff is opposing this trait. Soon a messenger enters saying danger is approaching quick, and soon a murderer enters to slay Macduff’s entire family.


  • “Whither should I fly? I have done no harm.”
  • “Yes, he is dead: how wilt thou do for a husband.”

Act 4, Scene 3 Summary

Characters: Malcolm, Macduff, Doctor, Rosse

Location: England, Macduff’s new castle

Time: Unknown

Events: Malcolm and Macduff are chatting about how Macbeth killed Duncan. Malcolm is being vulgar to try and lift Macduff’s spirits to get back into his kingly ways, but Macduff notices his vulgar attitude and gives up on even trying to be a fit king to rule. Malcolm sees his passionate thinking and sees that his silence is his fear. A doctor soon enters telling a crew is faulty but are healing quickly, and Macduff says to leave to see the crew. Rosse then enters later on and welcomes him to the conversation. He is grateful for his family to be in a good shape after years upon years. Macduff wants to know the truth, and Rosse says there was a few problems around and a murderer stepped in as soon as possible to slay the entire Macduff family, which surprises both Malcolm and Macduff, and Macduff is angered and should not have left them. He is swearing revenge on Macbeth for the death of his family and sets off to Scotland as soon as possible.

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About Andrew

I am an inspired person who always enjoys lots of different varieties of English study, especially spelling and reading. I am very excited for Year 11 English and hopefully I get to see lots of spelling and reading tasks in the future.